Annona Glabra – Pond Apple

Pond Apple

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Description

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The Pond Apple is so-called because of its preference for a swampy habitat of fresh or brackish water. It is native to south florida from where it may have arrived naturally from tropical America.

It is a medium sized tree or large shrub of varied height and spread in habitat. Depending upon the site; it may reach 30-40 feet in height and a 10-20 feet spread. Pond Apple is related to the sweetsop, soursop and custard apple, all grown in the tropics for fruit. Therefore, is deciduous or semi deciduous, bearing simple, glossy, leathery dark green leaves, 4 to 8 inches x 2 to 4 inches. As a result, leaf replacement is rapid and initiates flowering. Crushed leaves emit an Annona fragrance, often used to confirm identification.

Bark is variable, smooth to deeply fissured, light gray to reddish brown in color. And, flowers white to greenish yellow, night blooming and fragrant, attracting beetle pollinators. While, fruits are smooth, oblong to elliptical, 3 to 5 inches x 2.5 to 3.5 inches, flesh aromatic, not palatable to humans, but eaten by wildlife. Fruit rot is a major potential problem.

Seeds can be used for propagation; they are inedible contain a chemical used as fish poison. While, wood is spongy and has no uses.

Although, messy fruit drop is a disadvantage in landscape use, Annona Glabra is suitable for wet low-lying areas in gardens and parks. Pond apple is planted to rehabilitate degraded areas of the everglades.

Additional information

Common Name

Pond Apple, Alligator Apple

Florida Native

No, Not FL Native

Origin

Tropical America , West Africa

Flowering Season

Spring

Flower Color

White

Salt Tolerance

Moderate Salt Tolerance

Drought Tolerance

Low Drought Tolerance

Growth Rate

Fast Growth Rate

Light Requirements

Full Sun

Shape

Spreading

Plant Type

Semi-Deciduous

Gallons

25 gal., 50 gal., 65 gal., 100 gal., 200 gal., 300 gal.