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100 galIlex Krugiana (Krug's holly)100 galIlex Krugiana (Krug's holly)

Ilex Krugiana

Krug’s holly


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Ilex Krugiana characteristics

Ilex Krugiana (Krug’s holly) is one of some 500 species that occur in temperate to subtropical regions. Krug Holly is a common ornamental shrub and tree. The species name honors the 19th-century German Botanist Leopold Krug (January 7, 1833 – April 4, 1898) who first described the plant in South America. It is native to the Southeastern USA, West Indies, and South America. Additionally, the holly is a handsome middle-size tree with thin smooth bark. Additionally, the bark is white when young. It also has an open irregular crown with leathery, dull green, .5 to 1.5 inch long leaves. Furthermore, new growth is dark red; while the dying leaves turn black. Small pea-size fruit is red, ripening to purplish black. Grows well in limestone soils with hummus at the surface and is perfect for wet sites. Ilex Krugiana (Krug’s holly) is a suitable understory tree, preferring partial to full shade.

Krug’s Holly in the landscape

In landscaping it serves as a screening hedge, grown in containers, along streets and sidewalks. It responds well to pruning. As it has a low salt tolerance it’s not suitable for seaside locations. The tree is dioecious with separate male and female plants; for fruit production a male is needed for pollen, delivered by bees. In Florida, wild native populations of this tree are threatened.

Additional information

Common Name

Krug's Holly

Florida Native

No, Not FL Native


Southeast USA and West Indies

Flowering Season


Flower Color


Salt Tolerance

Low Salt Tolerance

Drought Tolerance

Low Drought Tolerance

Light Requirements

Full Sun to Bright Shade

Growth Rate

Moderate Growth Rate


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