Spathodea campanulata (yellow)

African Tulip tree

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The african tulip tree is a good/bad tree: it is extensively grown and appreciated in the tropics for its colorful blooms, but it has a reputation as one of the worst invasive species. There is but one species of this tree. Native to the tropical dry forests of africa, it is a medium to large upright tree with large branches reaching a height of 75 feet or more and has an open, rounded to irregular crown. It develops a slightly buttressed trunk and has light gray warty bark. Evergreen leaves are green, pinnate, opposite, made up of 5-19 oval leaflets and overall 1-2 feet long. Flowers are scarlet red, borne at the branch tips and are crinkled 2-inch long bell-shaped fuzzy buds filled with water.

Furthermore, the fruits are dry, hard elongated pods 6-12 inches long; seeds are used for propagation. Flowers and fruits attract insects and birds. A multi-use tree, its seeds are edible, various parts have reported medicinal use and the wood is good for carving. This tree grows well in a wide range of soils, has no major pests and diseases but is frost sensitive. In landscaping, this tulip tree is popular for its colorful flowers, which appear a few at a time. It is a good shade tree, best suited for large open areas of lawns or parks.

Additional information


25 gal., 50 gal., 65 gal., 100 gal., 200 gal., 300 gal.

Common Name

African Tulip

Florida Native

No, Not FL Native



Flowering Season


Salt Tolerance

Moderate – High Salt Tolerance

Drought Tolerance

High Drought Tolerance

Growth Rate

Fast Growth Rate

Light Requirements

Full Sun

Flower Color




Plant Type