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Vallesia antillana (Pearlberry) is a small tree or shrub native to Florida. The common name derives from the oval to round white fruit it bears which resembles pearls. In addition, its simple leaves are elliptical to obovate and about 3 inches long with a shiny attractive appearance. The leaves are pointy at the ends and a bit curved and droopy. Furthermore, the white star-shaped flowers are tubular and borne opposite a leaf. Meanwhile, the fruits are also white and translucent and measure 3/4 inches long. Additionally, the fruit contains a single ribbed seed. Also, the branches of the Pearlberry are slightly droopy, but form a rather dense crown. The bark is a pale brown color and furrowed (marked with lines or wrinkles).
Furthermore, Vallesia antillana (Pearlberry) is tolerant of drought and salt. It grows naturally in coastal hammocks in humus-rich soils. Propagated from de-pulped seeds. This plant is distinctive because it bears fruits and flowers at the same time throughout the year, hence is an excellent accent plant. Pearlberry has medicinal properties and is used in the Bahamas to treat gastrointestinal ailments. Wild populations of the plant in Florida are endangered and should be protected.
In landscaping, Pearlberry can be used a privacy hedge.