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Zanthoxylum fagara

Wild Lime


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Zanthoxylum Fagara Tree Description

Zanthoxylum fagara Wild lime is a Florida native, small to medium sized tree or large shrub.  Wild Lime grows 10 to 20 feet in height and spreads in width equal its height. Moreover, it forms a cylindrical, moderate to dense, crown of numerous irregular shaped branches, which bear sharp, hooked spines. The bark is gray and rough. Additionally, the leaves are bright green, deciduous, compound, alternate with 5 to 9 leaflets. The leaflets are oval to elliptical, have a notched tip and wings along the rachis. The leaves measure two inches long. Crushed leaves give a citrus odor, an indication that it is a member of the citrus family.

Furthermore, male and female flowers are found on separate trees. The fragrant green-white flowers are small, inconspicuous, and are borne in terminal clusters that attract pollinators. The shiny red fruit is a fleshy round capsule, ripening to black. In addition, the fruit is about 1/2 inch in diameter, and has a single black seed. The birds feed on the fruits and the seeds are used for propagation. Additionally, the leaves and bark can be crushed to make a tart condiment, and to make medicinal tea. While, the yellow wood (zanthoxylum) is used to make furniture.

Zanthoxylum Fagara Wild lime Cultivation And Landscape Application

Zanthoxylum fagara tree can be grown in moist sandy, limestone soils with good drainage. In addition, it can be grown on a surface layer of organic matter. Once established it is quite hardy. In landscaping, the appealing foliage and fruits make wild lime a good choice as a specimen or accent plant. You can also use it in seaside gardens, parks or a native garden. Zanthoxylum fagara can be formed into a hedge, or grown in a container.  In addition it is suited to buffer strips around parking lots or median strips. Wild populations of this tree in Florida are endangered.

🌳More popular and beautiful plants: Guaiacum Sanctum

Additional information


25 gal., 45 gal., 100 gal., 200 gal., 300 gal.

Common Name

Wild Lime

Florida Native

Yes, FL Native


Florida & West Indies

Flowering Season

All Year

Salt Tolerance

Moderate Salt Tolerance

Drought Tolerance

High Drought Tolerance

Growth Rate

Slow Growth Rate, Slow to Moderate Growth Rate

Light Requirements

Full Sun to Bright

Flower Color

Green to White



Plant Type