Amphitecna Latifolia – Black Calabash

Black Calabash

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The Black Calabash is a small tree or shrub of variable height and spread, depending on growth form. It has gray, rough furrowed bark. Calabash is a general term referring to gourds, typically dried and used as water vessels. It is a common home garden tree in the tropics, and is related to crescentia species which produce a smaller fruit.

In addition, this evergreen tree or shrub has a dense crown of dark, glossy, green, alternate, elliptical leaves to 7 inches long. Branches are mostly upright and are susceptible to breaking. However, it flowers is continuously producing 2 inch long, non-showy purplish-white blooms. Likewise, fruits are inconspicuous, round, green, fleshy 3-6 inches long; the interior white flesh and seeds are edible. The dried pod becomes woody and constitutes the gourd. Propagation by seed, cuttings or air layering. A hardy plant, it tolerates a range of soil types providing they are well drained. It has no serious pest or disease problems.

In landscaping, Black Calabash is an excellent choice for a seaside garden, as a buffer in parking lots, it can be pruned to make a good wind barrier and is one of the best privacy hedges. It can be grown in a xerophytic garden.

Additional information

Common Name

Black Calabash

Florida Native

No, Not FL Native


West Indies

Flowering Season

All Year

Flower Color


Salt Tolerance

Moderate Salt Tolerance

Drought Tolerance

High Drought Tolerance

Growth Rate

Moderate Growth Rate

Light Requirements

Full Sun



Plant Type



25 gal., 50 gal., 65 gal., 100 gal., 200 gal., 300 gal.