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Acacia Xanthoploea

Acacia Xanthoploea Fever Tree


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Acacia Xanthoploea tree description

Acacia Xanthophloea is a medium to large African tree. It’s fast-growing but short-lived.  It can reach 45 feet (13.72 m) to 75 feet (22.86 m) in height. It develops a semi spreading vase-like crown (with branching occurring up the trunk). Its smooth bark is yellowish to greenish and slightly flaky.

Although, the species name means “yellow bark” the new twigs are purple-tinged. Pairs of straight white spines, 3 inches (7.62 cm) to 4 inches (10.16 cm) long, are borne at branch nodes. The bipinnate leaves are green, up to 4 inches (10.16 cm) long, with a hairy midrib. Its small leaflets are about 3/8 inches to 4 inches (10.16 cm). Its flowers are borne in clusters on a slender stalk forming a golden ball of fragrant blooms. Acacia’s fragrant blooms attract bees and other insects. Several clusters occur with a tuft of leaves and thorns. Fruits are straight papery pods grayish-brown when mature. Fruit pods are 2 inches (5.08 cm) to 8 inches (20.32 cm) long. Each pod contains 5 to 10 seeds that are used for propagation purposes.

Cultivation of Vachellia Xanthophloea tree

Furthermore, Livestock and wild animals feed on the foliage and the pods. The fever tree prefers sandy well-drained soils. It develops a deep taproot and is a hardy tree that can tolerate frost. In Africa, it’s grown for its wood and for fuel. In landscape cultivation, it is a well-shaped decorative tree with feathery foliage and colorful flower clusters. Also, consider using it as a street, specimen, or accent tree, it can also serve for boundary planting. 

Other names: syn. Vachellia Xanthophloea

🌳More popular and beautiful plants: Blue Mahoe tree

Additional information

Common Name


Florida Native

No, Not FL Native



Flowering Season


Flower Color


Growth Rate

Fast Growth Rate

Light Requirements

Full Sun



Plant Type



25 gal., 45 gal., 65 gal., 100 gal., 200 gal., 300 gal.