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Mexican Alvaradoa is a small tree to moderate sized tree or shrub, which can reach a height of 35 – 40 feet. Consequently, has an open, spreading upright irregular crown; while the trunk and branches are reddish-brown and covered with corky patches and leaf scars.
Leaves are bright green, evergreen, alternate, pinnately compound, 4 – 8 inches in length with 15 – 40 oval leaflets, which have smooth margins and are up to 1 inch long. Moreover, leaves resemble those of leguminous trees. While, flowers are green to yellowish white, semi-showy, borne in long hanging spikes, 3 – 4 inches long, male and female flowers on different plants, with numerous very small blooms attracting insects. And so, fruits are dry, densely hairy, winged, light tan ringed with red, each with a single seed, which are wind dispersed. Seeds used for propagation. Bark and wood are used to make medicinal tea.
The plant grows in moist well-drained limestone soils with some organic matter; it is hardy once established. Mexican Alvoradao has attractive pinnate leaves casting light shade, along with colorful flowers and fruits. It has application as a specimen or accent tree in gardens and parks, and can be pruned to tree or shrub form, and makes an excellent hedge. It is also desirable in a native plant garden. This tree is native to southernmost florida hammocks where it is endangered.