Cordia Superba

Membrillo

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Description

This post is also available in: Español (Spanish)

Membrillo is spanish for quince, but the fruit is unrelated to this small to medium-sized tropical forest understory tree which can reach 30 feet in height. Nonetheless, it is high branching and the top branches resemble the growth of a palm tree. Although it can also assume a shrub growth form.

Additionally, leaves are green, simple, alternate, oblong, large, 20 x 5 inches and grouped at the branch ends in whorls. Also, flowers are large, fragrant, variably-colored blooms (white, pink, purple) with stamens arranged in a circle, about 4 inches across and borne on the trunk (cauliflory); and they attract bees such that membrillo is known as a honey tree. Fruits are pear-shaped, about 4 x 3 inches; the hard green shell contains a yellowish-orange pulp and up to 20 seeds; at maturity the fruit is yellow. Monkeys and rodents eat the fruits. Seeds and cutting are used for propagation. Fruit pulp is edible, usually boiled beforehand, and is rich in vitamins. The large leaves are eaten by animals and used to to make a medicinal tea. The wood is used in construction.

Membrillo prefers well-drained soils with organic matter. With its large shiny leaves and unusual flowers and fruits, membrillo is suggested as a shade, accent or specimen tree in courtyards and gardens, in the conservatory or grown in a pot.

Additional information

Common Name

Orange Geiger

Florida Native

No, Not FL Native

Origin

South America, West Indies

Flowering Season

All Year

Salt Tolerance

High Salt Tolerance

Drought Tolerance

High Drought Tolerance

Growth Rate

Slow Growth Rate

Light Requirements

Full Sun

Flower Color

Orange

Plant Type

Deciduous, Evergreen

Gallons

25 gal., 50 gal., 65 gal., 100 gal., 200 gal., 300 gal.

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