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Ilex x Attenuata (East Palatka holly)Ilex x Attenuata (East Palatka holly)

Ilex x Attenuata

East Palatka holly


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East Palatka Holly characteristics

Among the approximately 500 species of hollies there are natural hybrids, such as Ilex x Attenuata (East Palatka Holly); a cross between Ilex cassine, and Ilex opaca (American holly). Furthermore this Florida native was first discovered in 1927 near the town of the same name, about 25 miles southwest of st. Augustine, where the two species overlap in distribution. Accordingly, East Palatka holly is a medium to large tree with fairly dense foliage and a pyramidal shape. The evergreen leaves are elliptical to oval, spiny on the edge and tip. Moreover, the flowers are greenish white, female flowers lightly scented; fruits pea-sized and bright red, attracting feeding birds. The plant prefers moist well-drained soils, but is tolerant of wet sites. Like all hollies, Ilex x Attenuata (East Palatka holly), is easily pruned which stimulates and fruiting and promotes vigorous growth.

East Palatka Holly Tree in the landscape

Additionally, it has a range of landscape uses as a durable street tree, along highways, as a specimen tree, as a screening hedge, in containers, and to decorate parking lots. One of the most eye-catching traits, is a row of East Palatka Hollies as it looks quite uniformly. This holly has no serious pest or disease problems. The tree is dioecious with separate male and female plants; for fruit production a nearby ilex male is needed for pollen, delivered by bees.

Additional information

Common Name

East Palatka Holly, Savannah Holly

Florida Native

No, Not FL Native


Southeast USA and West Indies

Flowering Season


Drought Tolerance

Low Drought Tolerance

Light Requirements

Full Sun to Bright Shade

Flower Color



25 gal., 45 gal., 100 gal., 200 gal., 300 gal.