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Pimenta Racemosa

Bay Rum


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Pimenta Racemosa (Bayrum Tree) is a medium-sized tree, typically ranging from 12 to 36 feet in height, though it can grow taller under ideal conditions. Native to the Caribbean Basin, its exact range is somewhat unclear, but the tree is endemic to Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Martin, and other islands of the former Netherlands Antilles. Owing to its Caribbean origins, with climate and geographic conditions closely resembling those of South Florida, it thrives in the region.

Pimenta Racemosa Tree Description

The Pimenta Racemosa tree is known for its upright growth habit; its branches and a dense, columnar crown make the Bay Rum plant stand out. Additionally, its leaves are dark green, leathery, glossy on the top and dull underneath, entire, and obovate in shape, measuring 2–6 inches in length and containing an aromatic essential oil.

This is paired with an attractive, smooth grayish to light brown aromatic bark that peels off, revealing a pinkish underbark. This adds to the allure of its stiff, leathery leaves, which emit a fragrant aroma. The tree also features delicate, fluffy white flowers, about 3/8 inch wide, with numerous stamens, borne in rounded clusters, and equally fragrant.

Additionally, the Bayrum Tree produces ovoid, black fruits at maturity, measuring 3/8–1/2 inch long and containing 1–4 seeds. These seeds are also fragrant and can be used as a substitute for allspice (Pimienta dioca), as well as for propagation.

Bayrum Tree Landscape Application in Florida

Furthermore, in landscaping, the Bayrum tree is an excellent choice in South Florida, whether as a backyard tree, a street tree, or in open public spaces. It’s particularly effective for creating screens of natural privacy hedges, especially when grown with multiple trunks and branching to the ground to maximize density. This tree not only meets but exceeds the basic requirements for such uses, especially in narrow spaces. Its compact pyramidal form allows it to provide privacy in tight corridors where both protection and privacy are essential. We are specifically referring to those social areas of a home that require privacy, like the pool area, spaces adjoining the neighbor’s house, children’s parks, parking lots, etc. Aesthetically, the Bayrum tree offers the full package: a beautiful exfoliating trunk, leathery green leaves, fluffy white flowers, and green-black berries.

Bay Rum Tree for sale at TreeWorld Wholesale

 At our tree farms, we have Pimenta Racemosa in both multi-trunk and single trunk (standard) forms, available in sizes starting at 25 gallons and extending to 45, 65, 100, 200, and 300 gallons. You can view the full specification chart at the provided link.

Moreover, if you’re unsure whether it’s suitable for the area and the challenging South Florida weather conditions, be certain that the tree can withstand harsh winds thanks to its strong root system that anchors it firmly into the ground. Its structure is solid yet flexible enough to resist breaking upon impact.

Bayrum trees thrive in fertile soil that is rich in organic matter. They prefer full-sun exposure but can tolerate some light shade. These trees are drought-, frost-, and salt-tolerant, requiring good drainage for optimal growth. The recommended U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones for these trees are 10 and 11.

If you need further product information or want to contact us regarding our portfolio, you can email us at [email protected], schedule a visit at our headquarters at 24605 SW 192 Ave., Homestead, FL 33031, or call us at 305-245-6886.

Be sure to also check all the large palm trees for sale available at our offer.

🌳Other popular and beautiful plants: Travelers palm tree.

Additional information


25 gal., 45 gal., 65 gal., 100 gal., 200 gal., 300 gal.

Common Name

Bay Rum, West Indian Bay

Flowering Season


Salt Tolerance

Moderate Salt Tolerance

Drought Tolerance

Moderate Drought Tolerance

Growth Rate

Slow Growth Rate

Light Requirements

Full Sun to Bright Shade

Flower Color

White (Cream), White

Plant Type