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Pongamia Pinnata


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Pongamia Pinnata (Pongam) is a legume tree reaching a height of 40 feet, and sometimes taller. It has a rounded wide dense crown which spreads to about equal its height.

Furthermore,  it has a straight or crooked trunk with gray-brown bark, which is often multi-trunk and bears thorns; the branches droop slightly. Leaves are green, glossy, alternate and pinnate with 5 – 9 leaflets and a single larger terminal leaflet; blades 2 – 4 inches long. Briefly deciduous, it produces young leaves of a pinkish color. Also, flowers are pea-shape, borne on short-stalks with showy fragrant hanging clusters of blooms in groups of 2 – 4; variable in color, pink-lavender-creamy-gray. Finally, fruits are elongated dry, hard, brown pods 1 – 3 inches long, containing 1 -2 flattened, brownish poisonous seeds, used for propagation.

Additionally, Pongamia Pinnata (Pongam) is valuable for its seed oil which has medicinal value, is a lubricant and the plant has potential as a farmed biofuel. The tree can thrive in various types of well-drained soils; it is low-maintenance. It benefits from pruning and is pest and disease resistant. In landscaping, Pongam is a good specimen or shade tree in the garden or patio, along highways and in parking lots. It is self-seeding and can become invasive.

Other Names: Pongambaum, Indische Buche

Additional information

Common Name


Florida Native

No, Not FL Native



Flowering Season


Light Requirements

Full Sun

Flower Color


Plant Type

Deciduous, Evergreen


25 gal., 25 gal. bush, 45 gal., 45 gal bush, 65 gal., 65 gal. bush, 100 gal., 100 gal . bush, 200 gal. bush, 200 gal., 300 gal. bush, 300 gal.