The tree’s common name creates confusion because it is not a miniature form of the royal poinciana (delonix regia) tree, the dwarf poinciana does have a resemblance to its larger namesake.
Dwarf poinciana, is a small tree (to 12 feet) or shrub. The crown is generally moderately dense, vase-shaped, but irregular. It has drooping branches, susceptible to breakage. And, leaves are green, bipinnate, mostly opposite, oblong or oval, 8-16 inches long overall; leaflets are less than 2 inches long.
Flowers are very showy and borne on a lengthy stalk up to 8 inches long projecting above the leaves. Blooms are bowl-shaped, 2-3 inches across, the petals yellow, orange or red with extended red stamens. Moreover, fruits are flat, brown pods, 3-4 inches long, splitting open noisily when ripe to expose small brown seeds. Furthermore, trunk, branches and petioles have sharp spines.
Seeds of the Caesalpinia Pulcherrima are used for propagation. This plant is easy to grow in well-drained alkaline to acid soils. Because, of the plant’s natural growth form is low-branching and spreading it can be trained as a shrub.
Dwarf Poinciana benefits from trimming and ideal for landscaping, specially for informal plantings in gardens or parks; it is considered a colorful accent along a shrub border.
Other common names used for Caesalpinia Pulcherrima, are: peacock flower.