Caesalpinia Pulcherrima

Dwarf Poinciana

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The tree’s common name creates confusion because it is not a miniature form of the royal poinciana (delonix regia) tree, the dwarf poinciana does have a resemblance to its larger namesake.

Dwarf poinciana, is a small tree (to 12 feet) or shrub. The crown is generally moderately dense, vase-shaped, but irregular. It has drooping branches, susceptible to breakage. And, leaves are green, bipinnate, mostly opposite, oblong or oval, 8-16 inches long overall; leaflets are less than 2 inches long.

Flowers are very showy and borne on a lengthy stalk up to 8 inches long projecting above the leaves. Blooms are bowl-shaped, 2-3 inches across, the petals yellow, orange or red with extended red stamens. Moreover, fruits are flat, brown pods, 3-4 inches long, splitting open noisily when ripe to expose small brown seeds. Furthermore, trunk, branches and petioles have sharp spines.

Seeds of the Caesalpinia Pulcherrima are used for propagation. This plant is easy to grow in well-drained alkaline to acid soils. Because, of the plant’s natural growth form is low-branching and spreading it can be trained as a shrub.

Dwarf Poinciana benefits from trimming and ideal for landscaping, specially for informal plantings in gardens or parks; it is considered a colorful accent along a shrub border.

Other common names used for Caesalpinia Pulcherrima, are: peacock flower.




Additional information

Plant Type

Semi-Deciduous Flowering Tree or shrub


Wide Canopy

Flower Color


Light Requirements

Full Sun

Growth Rate

Fast Growth Rate

Drought Tolerance

High Drought Tolerance

Salt Tolerance

Moderate Salt Tolerance

Flowering Season

All Year


Central America

Florida Native

No, Not FL Native

Common Name

Dwarf Poinciana, Peacock Flower


25 gal., 50 gal., 65 gal., 100 gal., 200 gal., 300 gal.