Tree Growth and all of it’s variables

A very common question is the tree growth rate and how it varies from the different species? From the time of seed germination to the death of a tree, it never ceases to grow. 

<h2> Growth Rate </h2>

Most important the growth rate varies according to its stages of development: seedling, sapling, maturity and senescence. In nature, trees reproduce primarily by seed, but some species also propagate themselves clonally. The potential maximum age, height and width of a tree may achieve is generally set on by its genetic makeup.  But certain other factors play important roles, such as soil, drainage, water, fertility, light, exposure and so on. As a result, annual tree growth is described as slow (<12 inches per year), medium (13-24) and fast (>25).

<h2> World’s Tallest Trees </h2>

In this day and age, the Coast Redwood trees (Sequoia sempervirens) represent the world’s tallest single-stemmed plants. It is an evergreen coniferous monoecious softwood species, which begins coning at about 10-15 years of age; and grows at the extraordinarily fast rate of 5-7 feet per year as a younger tree. The Coast Redwood is a prolific seed producer, bearing many cones about 3 inches in length; containing small seeds no larger than those of a tomato. The record of the tallest tree is in California; reaching 379 feet tall.

This champion tree begs the question of how do trees grow so tall and what limits their maximum stature. Recurring to our initial question on the behaviour of  tree growth

It is important to highlight that the growth patterns of all dicot trees are similar, but they are different from other plants which are popularly called “trees,” such as palms (monocots).

<h2> Tree Growth and the production of new cells </h2>

Furthermore, continuing with the Coastal Redwood example, trees grow by producing new cells in four specific locations on the plant. Branch tips (buds) result in trees increasing their height. Root tips grow to build a huge lateral root system which drop anchor in the soil and rock; to support the massive tree as it grows taller.

Furthermore, the production of male and female cones is important for the new cell development on branches. As trees increase the diameter of th