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Delonix Elata

White Poinciana Tree

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Delonix Elata Tree Description

Delonix Elata (White Poinciana tree) is a lesser-known relative of the Royal Poinciana tree.

It is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree that grows about 8 to 45 feet tall. It has a rounded, wide crown and droopy branches. Additionally, the trunk is usually crooked, with poor form, and has ash-colored bark. While the green delicate, fern-like leaves are bipinnate, and about 2 to 8 inches long. The leaves of Delonix Elata have 4 to 8 pairs of primary leaflets, 1.5 to 2.5 inches long. The linear-oblong secondary leaflets are each about .5 inches long. The tree is briefly deciduous.

Moreover, the flowers are borne in clusters at the branch ends. Each flower has a hairy stalk just over an inch long. The petals are white to pale yellow. In contrast, the stamen is dark-colored and extends several inches beyond the petals. Furthermore, fruits are broad, smooth red-brown pods, narrow at both ends, 5 to 9 inches long, with 4 to 8 seeds which are used for propagation. Also, bees are attracted as pollinators.

White Poinciana Tree Cultivation and Landscape Usage

Delonix Elata is a multipurpose tree in its native areas. The leaves and seeds are edible. The wood is used to make utensils, for carving and fuelwood. Additionally, the roots, bark, gum, and leaves provide traditional medicines. Also, the pods to feed livestock.

The white poinciana tree prefers well-drained soils, and tolerates rocky terrain. Its delicate leaves and perpetual showy flowers, make it a fine specimen tree, accent tree, or shade tree in gardens and parks. It can also be used on the street sides and in a xerophytic garden tree. Planted in a row, white poinciana can serve as a living fence, boundary or barrier.

🌳Other popular and beautiful plants: Dwarf Poinciana tree.

Additional information


25 gal., 45 gal., 65 gal., 100 gal., 200 gal., 300 gal.

Common Name

White Poinciana

Florida Native

No, Not FL Native


Africa, South Asia

Flowering Season

All Year

Growth Rate

Fast Growth Rate

Light Requirements

Full Sun

Flower Color

White, Yellow

Plant Type

Deciduous, Flowering