Home » Treeworld » Erythrina Herbacea
Erythrina herbacea flowerErythrina herbacea flower

Erythrina Herbacea



This post is also available in: Español (Spanish)

Erythrina herbacea (Herbacea) is a small tree or low shrub. As a tree, it may reach 16 feet in height, but typically is much shorter. It has smooth light gray bark and often produces herbaceous stems from a woody base. Additionally, If temperatures drop below freezing, stems are killed back but resprout. The stems are covered in curved spines. Also, the leaves are yellowish-green in color, 6 to 8 by 2.5 inches, and composed of 3 arrow-head shaped leaflets, each 1 to 3 inches long.

Furthermore, the flowers are a vivid scarlet color, borne on tubes about 2 inches long. The flowers are arranged in clusters and each bloom is 1.5 to 2.5 inches long. The Flowering season extends over about 3 months in the Spring to Summer. Moreover, hummingbirds and butterflies are attracted to the flowers. Finally, the fruits are woody pods that measure 2 to 4 inches long. The fruits have short beaks that contain bright red seeds with a black spot. The seeds split open when they mature.

Importantly, all parts of the plant are poisonous, containing toxic alkaloids! The seeds are used for propagation and as rat poison; tip cuttings can be used for propagation. Extracts of roots, leaves, and seeds are used in traditional medicine. Erythrina herbacea (Herbacea) in cultivation is a hardy plant, needing adequate moisture but well-drained soils. As a tree or shrub it requires pruning, avoiding direct contact with the milky sap. In landscaping, herbacea is low maintenance, in tree or shrub form it is a good source of spring color from the vibrant blooms, in a garden, park, or patio.

Additional information

Common Name

Erythrina herbacea (syn. E. arborea)

Florida Native

No, Not FL Native


Southeast Asia

Flowering Season


Salt Tolerance

Moderate Salt Tolerance

Light Requirements

Partial Shade

Flower Color

Red (Scarlet)

Plant Type

Semi-Deciduous Flowering Tree or shrub


25 gal., 25 gal. bush, 45 gal., 45 gal bush, 65 gal. bush, 100 gal . bush, 100 gal., 200 gal. bush, 200 gal., 300 gal. bush, 300 gal.